Tuesday, 11 June 2013

Philippines Independence's Day 2013

12 things you may not know about June 12

The Philippines’ on Wednesday again celebrates its freedom from foreign rule.

Filipinos mark Independence Day to commemorate General Emilio Aguinaldo’s declaration of

independence from Spain in June 12, 1898.

But did you know that this has not always been the case?

1. It was only in 1964 that Philippines began celebrating Independence Day on June 12. Filipinos

used to mark Independence Day on July 4, the day the U.S. granted Philippine independence, which

is now called the Filipino-American Friendship Day.

2. Aguinaldo’s declaration of Philippine independence was not recognized by both Spain and the

U.S. since the Spaniards sold the archipelago to the Americans in the Treaty of Paris on Dec. 10,


3. The first declaration of independence was prepared and written in Spanish by lawyer Ambrosio

Rianzares Bautista, a distant relative of national hero Jose Rizal. Bautista also read the declaration in

Cavite el Viejo.

4. The original copy of the Proclamation of Philippine Independence is being kept in the National

Library. It was among the many revolutionary papers stolen from the Library. The 21-page document

was returned only in 1994 by University of the Philippines professor Milagros Guerrero, who acted as

a mediator to retrieve the stolen papers.

5. Aguinaldo’s declaration of independence in 1898 also marked the first time the Philippine flag

was flown. This is why before 1964, June 12 is celebrated in the Philippines as Flag Day.

6. Since June 12 was designated as Independence Day, the celebration of Flag Day instead

commemorated the Battle of Alapan on May, 28, 1898, when the Philippine flag was first unfurled in

the battlefield.

7. The Philippine flag was designed by Aguinaldo and handsewn in Hong Kong by three ladies:

Marcela Agoncillo, a diplomat’s wife; her five-year-old daughter Lorenza; and Delfina Herbosa de

Natividad, Rizal’s niece by sister Lucia.

8. The Philippine flag’s design is inspired by the flag of the United States and countries which also

fought Spanish rule, including Cuba, Puerto Rico, Argentina, Peru and Uruguay. Symbolisms used in

flags used by the revolutionary movement “Katipunan” also prominently figure in the national colors.

9. A unique feature of the Philippine flag is how its colors may be used to signal that the country is

under a state of war. In times of peace, the flag is flown with the blue strip on top. The red stripe is

on top during war.

10. Although now taken to signify the three island groups in the Philippines—Luzon, Visayas and

Mindanao—the thee stars in the Philippine flag originally represented Luzon, Panay and Mindanao.

“[T]he tree stars, signifying the three principal Islands of these Archipelago – Luzon, Mindanao, and

Panay where the revolutionary movement started…” the Declaration of Independence read.

11. June 12, 1898 was also the first time the national anthem was performed. The anthem composed

by Julian Felipe was originally entitled “Marcha Filipina Magdalo.”

12. The lyrics of the national anthem now known as “Lupang Hinirang” have been adapted from a

Spanish poem entitled “Filipinas,” written by Jose Palma and originally published in La

Independencia in 1899.

#Taken from yahoo#

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